French Heavy Cavalry 1822 pattern The Bancal



French Heavy Calvalry 1822 pattern sword, known as the "Bancal".
On January 18, 1822, the Committee of cavalry decided unanimously in favour of a curved sword for the entire cavalry, using a Montmorency type blade.
This option for a curved blade was chosen on the assumption that this blade was also effective in the thrust and to minimize the number of regulatory model, which was the goal of the reform. The heavy cavalry, unique in the world, got a curved blade.



It is the sword of all Dragoons, Cuirassier, Carabiniers during the Crimean war, the Mexican expedition, the Prussian war and the colonial wars.
This blade with a lihter Two bar hilt moulded hilt is still in service today within the lovely Garde Republicaine a Cheval




Imperial Guard Dragoon Napoléon III




Three bar hilt moulded in one piece for extra strength. Brass hilt including a main branch with two lateral branches converging on the bare arch joint, short-tailed pommel cap . Shell guard ending like a "beak" without a quillon.



Our sword is marked Manufacture Royale de Klingenthal Juin 1829, with the poincons B for J.A Bisch, controller from 1825 to 1830 and D for Jean Dubocq, controller from 1823 to 1830.
Same  poinçons ont the base of the blade.
Weights 1.20 kg and 1.96 kg with steel scabbard. The copper grip twisted wire is missing.

Mexican expedition 1866





Garde Republicaine carrying the Bancal
with a lighter Two bar hilt moulded hilt




This heavy cavalry sword in 1822 was called "bancal" because it was considered as poor in points and weak in size, like a wobbly chair.









Cuirassier of Napoléon III Imperial Guard



Napoléon III Imperatrice Dragoons Guard








This sword remains the only experience of a curved blade for a heavy cavalry sword.

The blade called a la "Montmorency" (blade assigned to 2nd "Chasseur " (1799), old regiment of Dragoon Montmorency and the Evéché (1788)...

... this regiment gained regulatory authorisation to wear the blade after the battle of Marengo - Decreed on 18th August 1802 ) is preferred to the blade of the sword model An XI which was considered too broad.

This sword is used today by the Horse Garde Republicaine, the French president personal escort! almost 200 years after its creation...not bad for a non welcome "bancal" blade!







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