This Officer Light Cavalry 1822 Pattern was carried by all french light cavalry, Horse Chasseurs, Hussars, Lancers, Horse Artillery, Spahis, Goumiers and will do all campaigns from the Mexican expeditions to the Crimean wars, the colonial wars in North Africa... for more than 150 ans years.
This sword was a favourite sword for duellist...it will be the sword used by the US cavalry.
We present two versions one from 1860 and one from 1892. Their steel scabbards had in 1887, their lower ring removed.
After 1887, swords were carried no more at the belt but attached to the saddle.
|Grip in horn with brass twisted wire|
A curved blade was chosen on the assumption that this blade was also effective in the thrust and to minimize the number of regulatory model, which was the goal of the 1822 reform.
On January 18, 1822, the Committee of cavalry decided unanimously in favour of a curved sword for the entire cavalry, using a Montmorency type blade.
|Blade curved Montmorency type|
|Chasseurs d'Afrique Officer carrying the 1822 Pattern sword|
The light cavalry loses the "quillon" for a "beak" like the heavy cavalry sword and the heavy cavalry, unique in the world...gets also a curved blade.
However, as always, most models co-existed for decades, thousands of models year XI and few hundreds of 1816 model swords were still available in July 1870.
Three bar hilt moulded in one piece for extra strength. Brass hilt including a main branch with two lateral branches converging on the bare arch joint, short-tailed pommel cap . Shell guard ending like a "beak" without a quillon.
|1892 Sword marked C, C and B for the controllers Chourad, Clemenceau and Jean-Marie Brenier from the Manufacture of Chatellerault|
|Marks C and H for the two controllers of 1860 on the smallest of the two swords.|
|Marks C et H on the scabbard tip|
|Coulaux and cie Klingenthal|
|Manufacture d'Armement de Chatellerault Aout 1892 Off de Caval Légère Modèle 1822 Ent A Treuille|
|4th Chasseurs d'Afrique at Balaclava in October 1854 by Felix Philippoteaux|
On October 1854, in order to save the light brigade after their terrible charge...
The First and 4th Regiment of Chasseurs d'Afrique (light cavalry ) strong of 532 swords...cleared the Fedyukhin Heights of the two Russian half batteries of guns, two Russian infantry battalions and some Cossacks, to ensure the British Light Brigade would not be hit by cross fire from that flank and later provided cover for the remaining elements of the British Light Brigade as they withdrew.
The charge was done with great success and a minimal loss...
2 officers killed, 10 men killed, 16 horses killed and 28 men wounded and 3 men captured
The french General d'Allonville was in command of the charge.
|Detail of the Felix Philippoteaux painting showing the 1822 troop Light Cavalry sword pattern|
In 1887, the lower scabbard ring were removed to fix the sword on the saddle
|1822 Pattern swords in action during the battle of the la smala d'Abd el-Kader by the Duke d'Aumale painted by Horace Vernet|
|Foliage and roses on the brass hilt|