Horse Grenadier Saber, Third pattern, from Napoléon Imperial Guard, dated 1810 by Nicolas Boutet.
These sabers were used also by the dragoons of the Imperial Guard and the Elite Gendarmerie .
One the most beautiful and famous sword from the Napoleonic period.
The Grenadier à cheval de la Garde Impériale sword third pattern...
|Grenadiers en tenue de campagne 1806-1814 par L Rousselot ©|
This saber is full of emotion and glory, the blade has heavy signs of wear from combat.
The copper scabbard has spurs wears from the Spanish war, the Russian campaign or Waterloo .
Dated from June 1811, month of the baptism of the king of Rome, Napoleon's son and retreat from Portugal by Wellington.
Copper hilt with three branches with a Grenade Poincons VERSAILLES and the "B" for Nicolas Boutet, the famous Emperor sword and pistols manufacturer and designer.
Steel blade Montmorency type, with poincons from J. Pache, inspector at Klingenthal from June 1811 to January 1812, from FL Lobstein, from June 1804 to July 1821 , and from JG Bick, controller from February 1809 to August 1824 .
Flat back-edge engraved " Manufacture Impériale de Klingenthal juin 1811". The blade is 3 cm wide for a 97 cm length.
Copper scabbard, third pattern type, with two black leather holes and steel tip.
|Horse Grenadier captured a lovely Russian Guard Cavalry sword!|
The Grenadiers performed admirably at Austerlitz, where they defeated the Russian Guard Cavalry...
|" Manufacture Impériale de Klingenthal Juin 1811 "|
...baptism of the king of Rome, Napoleon' son and retreat from Portugal by Wellington.
|Spurs wears from long riding campaigns|
|Mounted Grenadier Guard in town dress|
They were the senior "Old Guard" cavalry regiment of the Imperial Guard and from 1806 were brigaded together with the Dragoons regiment of the Imperial Guard. They were arguably the best heavy cavalry regiment of their time.
The Horse Grenadiers became known for their austerity and haughty demeanor. The army nicknamed them "The Giants", "The Gods" or simply "The High Heels".
|Grenadier à cheval of the Imperial Guard|
The Horse Grenadiers were very devoted to the Emperor. In March 1814 a major of grenadiers was wounded at Craonne. He had his foot carried away by a cannon-ball and the surgeon had to amputate his leg.
During the extremely painful operation "which he bore with great courage, the man called out "Vive l'Empereur!" and lost consciousness. In the very end of the battle of Waterloo, when the entire French army fell apart before the Prussians and German-British-Dutch army, the horse grenadiers made a great impression on the pursuers.
Cpt. Barton of the 12th Light Dragoons recalled how his regiment advanced against the giants on black horses...
..."The grenadiers "appeared to take but little notice of our advance, when opposite their flank they fired a few pistol or carbine shots. We were ... being too weak to make an impression on them...they literally walked from the field in a most majestic manner."
|The Guard Horse Grenadiers charge at Eylau.|
|"Versailles" and "LF" stands for J.B. Le Fèbvre, controller from 1807 to 1813 and Nicolas Boutet mark.|
The Guard Horse Grenadiers and the Polish Guard Lancers were the only two cavalry regiments of Napoleon's Guard never defeated by enemy's cavalry in combat...until Waterloo.
The other regiments suffered only few defeats for the ten years of almost constant campaigning and numerous combats. In each case they were outnumbered by the enemy, and on one occassion they were ambushed.
In November 1815 the regiment was disbanded.
It was the last unit of the whole Imperial Guard disbanded by the Bourbons.
The Guard was no more!!!