Mamluk Style Officer Sword Napoleonic Period



Mameluk style French Oriental Sword from the First Empire.
This sword seems to be french, the Oak design on the hilt beiing rarely used as a symbol on British sword.

Mameluk or Mamluk swords were used in England until the end of Victoria's reign when in France, they became out of fashion after Waterloo.

In england was created the 1831 General Officers sword pattern.

This type of sword comes from the kilij, literally "a sword" in turkish, originaly aone-handed, single edged and curved saber used by the Turks.







The blade is very curved, 77 cm long...it is not an oriental blade from Damas but a cotinental one.

The scabbard is in wood recovered with a black leather with two "bossettes" mounts and suspension rings in steel.







The brass hilt has a simple cross section with two olives at the end of the branches...it features an oak design on the back grip and a hole for the sword-knot.







Napoleon formed his own Mamluk corps in the early years of the nineteenth century coming back from Egypt.

One of his personal servants. Napoleon's famous bodyguard, Roustan, was also a Mamluk from Egypt.

Mamluk were wearing also a Mace and Hatchet....designed by Nicolas Boutet at Versailles.



Mamluk by Charles Vernet








Général Lasalle and his mamluk style sword by Jean Gros





Typical french oak design along the grip


The Oak is a symbol of endurance, durability, purity and constancy.

It is said the oak celtic name "dervo" or "duir" gave birth to the word Druid, the celtic member of the priestly class.



Prince of Orange ADC to Welington nicknamed "Slender Billy"







French 4th Hussar charging with a Mamluk style sword at Wagram June 1807


Hole in the hilt for the sword knot...usually with a golden tassel


Throughout the Napoleonic era, there was a special
Roustam Raza...
Napoleon Mamluk own bodyguard
Mamluk corps in the French army.

During the Egypt campaign, Napoleon bought about two thousand Mamluks from Syrian merchants from whom he intended to form a special detachment.

 On September 14, 1799, General Kleber established a mounted company of Mamluk auxiliaries and Syrian janissaries from Turks captured at the siege of Acre.

 In 1801, General Rapp was sent to Marseille to organize a squadron of 250 Mamluks under his command. On January 7, 1802, the previous order was cancelled and the squadron reduced to 150 men.

 In 1803, the Mamluks were organized into a company attached to the Chasseurs a Cheval of the Imperial Guard.

Mamluks fought well at Battle of Austerlitz on December 2, 1805...and the regiment was granted a standard.

With the First Restoration, the company of the Mamluks of the Imperial Guard was incorporated into the Corps Royal des Chasseurs de France. The Mamluks of the Young Guard were incorporated in the 7th Chasseurs a Cheval.



Swiss grenadier againt the Mamluks at the battle of Aboukir in Egypt July 1799

3rd Marquess of  Londonderry with a Kilij in 1812
...very fashionable in England too!






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